The Relation between Shift Lengths and Occupational Fatigue Dimensions in Filling Station Operators

  • MASOUD SHAFIEE MOTLAGH Department of Occupational Hygiene, School of Public Health and Student Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • MAJID MOTAMEDZADE Department of Ergonomics, School of Public Health and Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • NEDA MAHDAVI Department of Ergonomics, School of Public Health and Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • ABDOLMAJID GARKAZ Department of Occupational Hygiene, School of Public Health and Student Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • ALI REZA SOLTANIAN Modeling of No Communicable Diseases Research Center, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
Keywords: Shift length, Occupational fatigue, filling station operator, Iran

Abstract

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

 

Shift work is a common work schedule that has several inappropriate consequences, the most important of which is fatigue. The aim of this study was to invest gate the impact of the shift length on the occupatio al fatigue of operators in filling stations. This cross-sectional study was carried out on operators of the filling station in National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company, Hamadan region, western Iran. Participants were chosen using the random sampling. In order to assess occupational fatigue, the Persian version of Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (P-SOFI) was used in 8, 12 and 24-hour shift schedules. The total score of fatigue (P=0.05), functional fatigue (P=0.001) and conceptual fatigue (P=0.013) had significant difference in various shifts length, but physical dimension score had not significant differences. Among all aforementioned shift works, the 24-h shift had higher fatigue score in P-SOFI. It seems that shift length has a significant impact on occupational fatigue among filling  tation workers. The result of the study can help to work scheduling and rest-work regime planning for health promotion of workers and accident risk reduction.

References

Costa G, Haus E, Stevens R. Shift work and cancer—considerations on rationale, mechanisms, and epidemiology. Scand J Work Environ Health 2010; 36(2): 163-79.

Frost P, Kolstad HA, Bonde JP. Shift work and the risk of ischemic heart disease-a systematic review of the epidemiologic evidence. Scand J Work Environ Health 2009; 35(3): 163-79.

Wagstaff AS, Lie JS. Shift and night work and long working hours—a systematic review of safety implications. Scand J Work Environ Health 2011; 37(3): 173-85.

Folkard S, Tucker P. Shift work, safety and productivity. Occup Med 2003; 53(2): 95-101.

Nachreiner F. Individual and social determinants of shiftwork tolerance. Scand J Work Environ Health 1998; 36(2): 35-42.

Ummul S, Rao K. Shift Work and Fatigue. J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 2012; 1(3): 17-21.

Grandjean E. Fitting the task to the man: a textbook of occupational ergonomics. 4th ed, Taylor & Francis/Hemisphere, London, 1989.

Saremi M, Fallah MR. Subjective fatigue and medical errors among nurses in an educational hospital. Iran Occup Health J 2013; 10(4): 1-8.

Raslear TG, Gertler J, DiFiore A. Work schedules, sleep, fatigue, and accidents in the US railroad industry. Fatigue Biomed Health Behav 2013; 1(1-2): 99-115.

Bültmann U, Kant I, Kasl SV, Beurskens AJ, van den Brandt PA. Fatigue and psychological distress in the working population: psychometrics, prevalence, and correlates. J Psychosom Res 2002; 52(6): 445-52.

Dembe AE, Erickson JB, Delbos RG, Banks SM. Nonstandard shift schedules and the risk of job-related injuries. Scand J Work Environ Health 2006; 32(3): 232-40.

C. Winwood P, Lushington K, H. Winefield A. Further Development and Validation of the Occupational Fatigue Exhaustion Recovery (OFER) Scale. J Occup Environ Med 2006; 48(4): 381–9.

De Vries J, Michielsen HJ, Van Heck GL. Assessment of fatigue among working people: a comparison of six questionnaires. Occup Environ Med 2003; 60(Suppl I): i10–i5.

Åhsberg E, Garnberale F, Kjellberg A. Perceived quality of fatigue during different occupational tasks development of a questionnaire. Int J Ind Ergon 1997; 20(2): 121-35.

Åhsberg E. Dimensions of fatigue in different working populations. Scnand J Psychol 2000; 41(3): 231-41.

Barker LM, Nussbaum MA. Fatigue, performance and the work environment: a survey of registered nurses. J Adv Nurs 2011;67(6): 1370-82.

Åkerstedt T. Psychological and psychophysiological effects of shift work. Scand J Work Environ Health 1990; 16(1): 67-73.

Batak T, Gvozdenović L, Bokan D, Bokan D. The impact of nurses’ shift work on the fatigue level. South Eastern Europe Health Sci J 2013; 3(2): 120-7.

Williamson A, Lombardi DA, Folkard S, Stutts J, Courtney TK, Connor JL. The link between fatigue and safety. Accid Anal Prev 2011; 43(2): 498-515.

Sultanian AR, Motamedzade Torghabe M, Shafiee motlagh M, Garkaz A, Mahdavi N. Persian version of Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (P-SOFI) : validity and reliability. Iran Occup Health J 2014; 11(1): 34-43.

Tunsaringkarn T, Ketkaew P, Siriwong W, Rungsiyothin A, Zapuang K. Benzene Exposure and Its Association with Sickness Exhibited in Gasoline Station Workers. Int J Environ Pollut Solutions 2013; 1: 1-8.

Kraut A, Lilis R, Marcus M, Valciukas JA, Wolff MS, Landrigan PJ. Neurotoxic effects of solvent exposure on sewage treatment workers. Arch Environ Occup Health 1988; 43(4): 263-8.

Dembe AE, Erickson JB, Delbos RG, Banks SM. The impact of overtime and long work hours on occupational injuries and illnesses: new evidence from the United States. J Occup Env Med 2005; 62(9): 588-97.

Josten EJ, Thierry H. The effects of extended workdays on fatigue, health, performance and satisfaction in nursing. J Adv Nurs 2003; 44(6): 643-52.

Rogers AE. Study Shows 12-hour Shifts Increase Errors. Healthcare Benchmarks Qual Improv 2004; 11(9): 105-6.

Trinkoff A, Geiger-Brown J, Brady B, Lipscomb J, Muntaner C. How Long and How Much Are Nurses Now Working?: Too long, too much, and without enough rest between shifts, a study finds. Am J Nurs 2006; 106(4): 60-71.

Rosa RR. Examining work schedules for fatigue: it’s not just hours of work. In: Hancock PA, and Desmond PA(Eds). Stress, Workload, and Fatigue.Routledge, Mahwah, USA, 2001; pp 513-30.

Zołnierczyk-Zreda D, Bedyńska S, Warszewska-Makuch M. Work time control and mental health of workers working long hours: the role of gender and age. IntJ Occup Saf Ergo 2012; 18(3): 311.

Kwarecki K, Waterhouse J. Some Problems Associated With Shift Work. Int J Occup Saf Ergo 2000; 6(3): 363-4.

Harrington JM. Health effects of shift work and extended hours of work. J Occup Env Med 2001; 58(1): 68-72.

Reid K, Dawson D. Comparing performance on a simulated 12 hour shift rotation in young and older subjects. J Occup Env Med 2001; 58(1):58-62.

Kocalevent RD, Hinz A, Brähler E, Klapp BF. Determinants of fatigue and stress. BMC Res Notes 2011; 4(1): 238-43

Published
2015-09-30
How to Cite
1.
SHAFIEE MOTLAGH M, MOTAMEDZADE M, MAHDAVI N, GARKAZ A, SOLTANIAN AR. The Relation between Shift Lengths and Occupational Fatigue Dimensions in Filling Station Operators. Int J Occup Hyg. 7(3):146-152.
Section
Original Article(s)