International Journal of Occupational Hygiene 2017. 9(2):.

Exposure to vibration and its relationship with the low-back pain in the drivers of mining heavy vehicles
Mojtaba Emkani, Naser Hashemi Nejad, Somayeh Rahimimoghadam, Nasrin Sadeghi, Firoozi Chahak Ali

Abstract


Objectives: vibration can disrupt comfort, decrease effective labor and adversely affect peoples’ health and safety. This study aimed to evaluate vibration and its relationship with lower-back pain in drivers of heavy vehicles in the mines of Sirjan Gol-e-Gohar Complex.

Methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted on drivers of heavy vehicles in mines of Sirjan Gol-e-Gohar Complex in 2013. The statistical population consisted of 432 (216 cases and 216 controls) people. Data was collected using Nordic questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS20 software and statistical tests including T-test, ANOVA, chi-square and logistic regression test. Moreover, P<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was significantly different in all three study aspects: in the past 12 months, in the past 12 months which resulted in limited activities and in the past 7 days in waist and back of drivers and non-drivers (P<0.05) (the incidence was more in drivers). Moreover, it was observed that vibration was the main factor causing musculoskeletal disorders in the back (P = 0.01).

Conclusions: vibration is a major factor causing musculoskeletal disorders in the back. Therefore, some suitable preventive measures must be taken to reduce exposure to vibration and to control it.


Keywords


Whole body vibration, low back pain, musculoskeletal disorders, mine vehicle drivers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Monazzam M. Detection of the Hazardous Physical Agents Workplace (Vibrattion): Nakhl Publication; 1997.

De Silva CW. Vibration: fundamentals and practice: CRC; 2006.

Cacha CA. Ergonomics and Safety in Hand Tool Design: CRC Press; 1999.

Sullivan JB, Krieger GR, Bovenzi M, John B. Clinical environmental health and toxic exposures: Williams & Wilkins; 2001.

Ehtshamzadeh S. Measurement of whole body vibration in the aircraft industry (engine test). School of Health (Occupational Health): Tehran University of Medical Sciences; 1991.

Mohammadi AH, Sharifian SA, Aminian O. Evaluation of whole body vibration Relationship with neck pain in drivers of heavy vehicles. Occupational Medicine. 2010;2(1):34-8.

Levy BS, Wegman DH. Occupational health: recognizing and preventing work-related disease. 3 ed: Little Brown; 1995.

Ishitake T, Miyazaki Y, Noguchi R, Ando H, Matoba T. Evaluation of frequency weighting (ISO 2631-1) for acute effects of whole-body vibration on gastric motility. Journal of sound and vibration. 2002;253(1):31-6.

Chen J-C, Chang W-R, Chang W, Christiani D. Occupational factors associated with low back pain in urban taxi drivers. Occupational Medicine. 2005;55(7):535-40.

Guo HR, Tanaka S, Cameron LL, Seligman PJ, Behrens VJ, Ger J, et al. Back pain among workers in the United States: national estimates and workers at high risk. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1995;28(5):591-602.

Liira JP, Shannon HS, Chambers LW, Haines TA. Long-term back problems and physical work exposures in the 1990 Ontario Health Survey. American Journal of Public Health. 1996;86(3):382-7.

Luoma K, Riihimäki H, Raininko R, Luukkonen R, Lamminen A, Viikari-Juntura E. Lumbar disc degeneration in relation to occupation. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health. 1998:358-66.

Gruber G, Zipperman H. Relation between WBV and Morbidity patterns among motor coach operators. Government printing office; washington DC: DHEW/MIOSH; 1994.

Crawford J. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Occupational Medicine. 2007;57(4):300-10.

Kuorinka I JB, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Applied Ergonomics. 1987;18(3):233-7.

International Organization for Standardization ISO2631-1. Mechanical vibration and shock: evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration in the working environment part1:general requirements. In: International Organization for Standardization, editor.: Geneva; 1997.

Hashemi Nejad N, Barkhordari A, Zolala F, Emkani M. Assessment of Whole Body Vibration in the Heavy Mine Vehicles Drivers of Gol Gohar Sirjan Complex. . Bimonthly Journal of Tolooe Behdasht Yazd. 2015;13(5):1-12.

Rehn B, Nilsson T, Lundstrom R, Hagberg M, Burstrom L. Neck pain combined with arm pain among professional drivers of forest machines and the association with whole-body vibration exposure. Ergonomics. 2009;52(10):1240-7.

Bovenzi M, Hulshof C. An updated review of epidemiologic studies on the relationship between exposure to whole-body vibration and low back pain (1986–1997). International archives of occupational and environmental health. 1999;72(6):351-65.

Robb MJM, Mansfield NJ. Self-reported musculoskeletal problems amongst professional truck drivers. Ergonomics. 2007;50(6):814-27.

Bovenzi M, Zadini A. Self-reported low back symptoms in urban bus drivers exposed to whole-body vibration. Spine. 1992;17(9):1048.

Ernst E. Smoking, a cause of back trouble? Rheumatology. 1993;32(3):239-42.

Dempsey PG, Burdorf A, Webster BS. The influence of personal variables on work-related low-back disorders and implications for future research. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine. 1997;39(8):748-59.

Kilbom A, Armstrong T, Buckle P, Fine L, Hagberg M, Haring-Sweeney M, et al. Musculoskeletal Disorders: Work-related Risk Factors and Prevention. International journal of occupational and environmental health. 1996;2(3):239.

Lings S, Leboeuf-Yde C. Whole-body vibration and low back pain: A systematic, critical review of the epidemiological literature 1992-1999. International archives of occupational and environmental health. 2000;73(5):290-7.

Bernard BP. Musculoskeletal disorders and workplace factors: a critical review of epidemiologic evidence for work-related disorders of the neck, upper extremities, and low back. Cincinnati, Ohio: NIOSH; 1997.

Rehn B. Musculoskeletal disorders and whole-body vibration exposure among professional drivers of all-terrain vehicles: Umea University; 2004.

Bovenzi M, Betta A. Low-back disorders in agricultural tractor drivers exposed to whole-body vibration and postural stress. Applied Ergonomics. 1994;25(4):231-41.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.