Work-Related Low Back Pain among Sewing Machine Operators of Garment Industry: Galan City Oromia Region, Ethiopia
AbstractORIGINAL ARTICLEAbstractWork-related low back pain represents an important occupational health and safety issue worldwide. Realizing the prevalence and factors for work-related low back musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators of garment industry were one of the key issues of improving worker’s health. To assess the prevalence and associated factors of work related low back pain among sewing machine operators of garment industries in Galan City, East Ethiopia. An institutional cross-sectional study was conducted through face-to-face interview among 422 sewing machine operators from two garment industry. Detailed information on socio-demographic conditions, organizational factors, personal factors, working environment and musculoskeletal symptoms obtained in face-to-face interviews. The outcome of interest, low back pain, as a worker experiencing self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in the lower back were defined by aches, pain, or discomfort during the last 12 months. Both bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the degree of association by using odds ratio with 95% CI. From the total respondents included in the study the prevalence of self-reported low back pain was 64.9%. Employees with longer year of service 2 up to 10 times more likely develop work related low back pain than had shorter year of service. This finding identified socio-demographic, organizational and personal factors as the potential risk factors for work related low back pain in garment industry. Therefore the government and the owner of the company focus on the prevention and control strategy of work related low back pain in the garment industries.
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