Sickness absenteeism and associated factors among auto plant employees in Tehran, Iran

  • Seyed Akbar Sharifian Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran
  • Omid Aminian Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran
  • Sahar Eftekhari Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran
  • Hossein Mohseni HSE Management auto plant group, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyed Amir Hossein Morshed Zadeh Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tehran
Keywords: occupational health, absenteeism, Iran

Abstract

Background and aims: Sickness absenteeism is a major problem among organizations and health care units; causing loss of work-hours and reduced productivity in the workplace. Previous studies have shown that several factors are associated with sickness absenteeism including social conditions, workplace and organizational conditions and employees’ characteristics. Other studies have shown that psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety, and musculoskeletal disorders  are the main causes of medical absenteeism. The present study is designed to investigate sickness absenteeism in the employees of an auto plant in order to evaluate the occupational health of employees based on the basic indicators of absenteeism.Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was organized to evaluate the intensity of sickness absenteeism and associated factors among auto plant employees in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select the study participants. Data was collected from the questionnaire, medical records, and employees’ attendance system. Multivariable analyses were employed to see the effect of explanatory variables on the dependent variable.Findings: The frequency of medical absenteeism among employees was 11.3%. 26.8% of medical absenteeism was more than 15 days. smoking and workplace group were significantly associated with sickness absenteeism.Conclusion: Our study found that smoking and working in the trunk 1 department of the auto plant were significant risk factors for sickness absence in employees. In general, absenteeism is a complex and multifactorial phenomenon and should be evaluated in order to recognize the affective factors and control them.

References

Melchior M, Niedhammer I, Berkman LF, Goldberg M, Do psychosocial work factors and social relations exert independent effects on sickness absence? A six year prospective study of the GAZEL cohort. J Epidemiol Community Health 2003; 57 (4):285-93.

Isah EC, Omorogbe VE, Orji O, Oyovwe L, Self-Reported Absenteeism Among Hospital Workers in Benin City, Nigeria. Ghana Med J 2008; 42 (1):2-7.

International Labour Organization. LABORSTA database. Geneva: Statistics Do; 2008.

Prins R, de Graaf A, Comparison of sickness absence in Belgian, German, and Dutch firms. Br J Ind Med 1986; 43 (8):529-36.

Kristensen TS, Sickness absence and work strain among Danish slaughterhouse workers: an analysis of absence from work regarded as coping behaviour. Soc Sci Med 1991; 32 (1):15-27.

Brage S, Bjerkedal T, Bruusgaard D, Occupation-specific morbidity of musculoskeletal disease in Norway. Scand J Soc Med 1997; 25 (1):50-7.

Rost K, Smith JL, Dickinson M, The effect of improving primary care depression management on employee absenteeism and productivity. A randomized trial. Med Care 2004; 42 (12):1202-10.

Hestbaek L, Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik KO, Vach W, Russell MB, Skadhauge L, et al., Comorbidity with low back pain: a cross-sectional population-based survey of 12- to 22-year-olds. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2004; 29 (13):1483-91; discussion 92.

Marmot M, Feeney A, Shipley M, North F, Syme SL, Sickness absence as a measure of health status and functioning: from the UK Whitehall II study. J Epidemiol Community Health 1995; 49 (2):124-30.

Henderson M, Glozier N, Holland Elliott K, Long term sickness absence. BMJ 2005; 330 (7495):802-3.

Anema JR, van der Beek AJ, Medically certified sickness absence. BMJ 2008; 337:a1174.

Roelen CA, Bultmann U, Groothoff J, van Rhenen W, Mageroy N, Moen BE, et al., Physical and mental fatigue as predictors of sickness absence among Norwegian nurses. Res Nurs Health 2013; 36 (5):453-65.

Pouryaghoub Gh MR, Rafiee Samane F, Mahmoodi F, Factors influencing sickness absence. J Occup Med 2016; 8 (3):21-30.

Mohebbi I SA, The prevalence of absenteeism because of illness and its influencing factors among employees of an industrial plant. Journal of Uromia 2005; 16 (4):229-34.

Duijts SF, Kant I, Swaen GM, van den Brandt PA, Zeegers MP, A meta-analysis of observational studies identifies predictors of sickness absence. J Clin Epidemiol 2007; 60 (11):1105-15.

Zaballa E, Martínez JM, Duran X, Albertí C, Gimeno Ruiz de Porras D, Benavides FG, Incidence of sickness absence by type of employment contract: one year follow-up study in Spanish salaried workers. Archives of Public Health 2016; 74.

Benavides FG, Benach J, Diez-Roux AV, Roman C, How do types of employment relate to health indicators? Findings from the second European survey on working conditions. J Epidemiol Community Health 2000; 54 (7):494-501.

Virtanen M, Kivim, xe, ki M, Elovainio M, Vahtera J, et al., Contingent employment, health and sickness absence. Scand J Work Environ Health 2001; 27 (6):365-72.

Drago R, Wooden M, The Determinants of Labor Absence: Economic Factors and Workgroup Norms across Countries. ILR Review 1992; 45 (4):764-78.

D L, Sickness absence from work in the UK. Office of National Statistics 2008; 2 (11):18-22.

Lusinyan L BL, Work absence in Europe. IMF Staff Papers 2007; 54 (3):475-538.

Szubert Z, Kaczmarek T, [Absenteeism among workers with long and frequent illnesses]. Med Pr 1989; 40 (5):281-7.

Sharp C, Watt S, A study of absence rates in male and female employees working in occupations of equal status. Occup Med (Lond) 1995; 45 (3):131-6.

Christensen KB, Lund T, Labriola M, Bultmann U, Villadsen E, The impact of health behaviour on long term sickness absence: results from DWECS/DREAM. Ind Health 2007; 45 (2):348-51.

Sindelar J, Duchovny N, Falba T, Busch S, If smoking increases absences, does quitting reduce them? Tob Control 2005; 14 (2):99-105.

Halpern M, Shikiar R, Rentz A, Khan Z, Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity. Tob Control 2001; 10 (3):233-8.

Tsai S, Wendt J, Cardarelli K, Fraser A, A mortality and morbidity study of refinery and petrochemical employees in Louisiana. Occup Environ Med 2003; 60 (9):627-33.

Barmby T EM, Treble J, Sickness Absence: An International Comparison. The Economic Journal

; 112:315-31.

Steers RM RS, Major Influences on Employee Attendance: A Process Model. ournal of Applied Psychology 1978; 63 (4):391-407.

Duijts SFA, Kant I, Swaen GMH, van den Brandt PA, Zeegers MPA, A meta-analysis of observational studies identifies predictors of sickness absence. J Clin Epidemiol 2007; 60 (11):1105-15.

Published
2018-02-06
How to Cite
1.
Sharifian SA, Aminian O, Eftekhari S, Mohseni H, Morshed Zadeh SAH. Sickness absenteeism and associated factors among auto plant employees in Tehran, Iran. ijoh. 10(1).
Section
Original Article(s)