Evaluating the status of occupational stress and identifying the related risk factors in nurses in Babol: A cross-sectional study
Background: The health of people is of great importance and stress is one of the factors affecting the health. Stress affects humans under different conditions and appears to be responsible for a significant number of illnesses and absence from work in the personnel of the health care centers.
Purpose: The present study was performed to evaluate the status of occupational stress in nurses working in the public hospitals in the city of Babol and identify the associated risk factors.
Methods: This was cross-sectional study of descriptive-analytical type, which was performed from October 2016 to April 2017 in hospitals affiliated with the Babol University of Medical Sciences (6 hospitals). 406 nurses working in hospitals were selected for study by simple random sampling method. occupational Stress Questionnaire-HSE was used to survey the stress of nurses along with other demographic information that was completed on the questionnaire.
Results: According to the results of analyzing the dimensions of the HSE questionnaire, the lowest and highest scores were related to the communication dimension (9.8 ± 3.3) was demand (23.1 ± 5.1), respectively. Based on the regression model, among the independent variables of the present study, only the variables of gender, weekly working hours, employment status, shift work system and education level able to predict the occupational stress of the nurses.
Conclusion: Since healthy and motivated nurses are vital for any health care system and also due to the inevitability of some stressors in the nursing profession, it seems necessary and crucial to use effective controlling and educational measures to improve the status of occupational stress and the quality of life of nurses by the relevant and responsible administrators.
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