Proposing a customized model of safety culture and behavior in a car manufacturing company
AbstractBackground: Work-related accidents and illnesses are a great concern in developed countries. This study was designed to develop a customized model of the safety culture and identifying effective factors in a car manufacturing company.Methods: The present descriptive analytical study was conducted based on retrospective and field studies in a car manufacturing company. In order to present a new customized model of safety culture questionnaire, the study was designed in three phases: 1) offering a customized model 2) providing a customized questionnaire 3) field study.Results: A total number of 619 cases completed the questionnaire 321 damaged and 298 undamaged people). The Cronbach's alpha for the questionnaire was 0.855. With the exception of the safety rules and conditions, the damaged population markedly acquired more points for the whole questionnaire in comparison with their undamaged colleagues, though, this difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) only in 7 questions. Moreover, the correlation of safety culture components in damaged personals and undamaged one or combination of both showed that approximately all components present positive correlations (P<0.05 or P<0.001).Conclusions: The use of the customized model and questionnaire in car manufacturing industry is the marked feature of the present study. The result of the mentioned factors demonstrated that the safety culture of the damaged population is higher than undamaged one. Thus, it might be stated that the occupational accident is the milestone to evaluate the safety culture.
Bentley, T.A. and R. Haslam, A comparison of safety practices used by managers of high and low accident rate postal delivery offices. Safety science, 2001. 37(1): p. 19-37.
Jacobs, G. and I. Sayer, Road accidents in developing countries. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 1983. 15(5): p. 337-353.
O'Toole, M., The relationship between employees' perceptions of safety and organizational culture. Journal of safety research, 2002. 33(2): p. 231-243.
Clarke, S., Contrasting perceptual, attitudinal and dispositional approaches to accident involvement in the workplace. Safety Science, 2006. 44(6): p. 537-550.
Griffin, M.A. and A. Neal, Perceptions of safety at work: a framework for linking safety climate to safety performance, knowledge, and motivation. Journal of occupational health psychology, 2000. 5(3): p. 347.
Hofmann, D.A. and A. Stetzer, A cross‐level investigation of factors influencing unsafe behaviors and accidents. Personnel psychology, 1996. 49(2): p. 307-339.
Cullen, W.D. and G.B.D.o. Energy, The public inquiry into the Piper Alpha disaster. 1990: H.M.S.O.
Cox, S. and R. Flin, Safety culture: philosopher's stone or man of straw? Work & stress, 1998. 12(3): p. 189-201.
Geller, E.S., The psychology of safety handbook. 2016: CRC press.
Cooper Ph. D, M., Towards a model of safety culture. Safety science, 2000. 36(2): p. 111-136.
Von Thaden, T.L., et al. Safety culture in a regional airline: results from a commercial aviation safety survey. in 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, OH. 2003.
MOHAMMADI, Z.I., A.R. HEYDARNIA, and S. Niknami, Safety climate measurement at workplace: development, validity and reliability. 2011.
Mohammadi Zeidi, E., R. Farmanbar, and S. Hoseyni, Assessment of psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of Safety Climate Questionnaire: factor analysis application. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences, 2012. 21(81): p. 12-21.
Nouri Parkestani, H., et al., Assessment of reliability and validity of a new safety culture questionnaire. Iran Occupational Health, 2010. 7(1): p. 3-0.
Coyle, I.R., S.D. Sleeman, and N. Adams, Safety climate. Journal of Safety research, 1995. 26(4): p. 247-254.
Williamson, A.M., et al., The development of a measure of safety climate: the role of safety perceptions and attitudes. Safety Science, 1997. 25(1-3): p. 15-27.
Huang, Y.-H., et al., Safety climate and self-reported injury: Assessing the mediating role of employee safety control. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2006. 38(3): p. 425-433.
Neal, A., M.A. Griffin, and P.M. Hart, The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior. Safety science, 2000. 34(1-3): p. 99-109.
Varonen, U. and M. Mattila, The safety climate and its relationship to safety practices, safety of the work environment and occupational accidents in eight wood-processing companies. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2000. 32(6): p. 761-769.
Siu, O.-l., D.R. Phillips, and T.-w. Leung, Safety climate and safety performance among construction workers in Hong Kong: The role of psychological strains as mediators. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2004. 36(3): p. 359-366.