International Journal of Occupational Hygiene 2013. 5(4):166-171.

Anthropometric Dimensions of Iranian Male Workers and Comparison with Three Asian Countries
AMIRHOSSEIN DAVOUDIANTALAB, MOHSEN MESHKANI, SEPIDEH NOURIAN, AMIRABBAS MOFIDI

Abstract


Anthropometry is the study of human body dimensions and proportions among different races. In work environments, poorly designed workstations and tools reduce productivity and can lead to fatigue and musculoskeletal injuries. This study aimed to determine the anthropometric characteristics of Iranian workers in comparison to three other Asian countries. This cross-sectional study evaluated 400 male workers between the ages of 25 and 55 yr from all ethnicities working at Iran Khodro Automobile Factory. Results showed that the average height of the Iranian worker is 173.73±6.84 cm and the average sitting height 90.79±3.55 (cm). In comparison to Indian and Philippine workers, Iranian workers are 100% and 83% taller, respectively. This data can be useful for designing workplace space (e.g. height), work levels (e.g. elbow height) and peripheral equipment size, such as chairs (e.g. the width of hips and height of thighs).


Keywords


Anthropometry; Body Dimension; Body Proportion; Iran; Workers; Asia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mortazavi SB, Kanani M, Khavanin A, Mirzaei R, Rasoolzadeh Y, Mansourizadeh M, Mohseni M. Foot Anthropometry by Digital Photography and the importance of its application in Boot Design. Mili Med 2008; 10(1): 69-80. (Persian)

Mouodi MA. Anthropometry Engineering. 2nd ed, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Press, Sari, Iran, 1997. (Persian)

Tunay M, Melemez K. An analysis of biomechanical and anthropometric parameters on classroom furniture de sign. Af J Biotechnol 2008; 7(8): 1081-1086.

Habibi A, Hosseini M, Asaadi G. Review the appropriateness of the city's elementary school students with anthropometric dimensions, table and bench in the 88-78 years. The Iranian Health Journal 1388; 6(2): 12-23.

Jeong BY, Park KS. Sex differences in anthropometry for school furniture design. Ergonomics 1990; 33(12): 1511-1521.

Choobineh AR, Mououdi MA. Human anthropometry ergonomics and design. Tehran Mad publisher, Tehran, Iran, 1996. (Persian)

Lin YC, Wang MJJ, Wang EM. The comparisons of anthropometric characteristics among four peoples in East Asia. Appl Ergon 2004; 35(2): 173-178.

Mououdi MA, Choobineh AR. Ergonomics in practice: Selected ergonomics topics. 5th ed, Nashr-e-Markaz Book Publishing Media, Tehran, Iran, 2008. (Persian)

Occupational health statistics for the year 2006. Ministry of health and medical Education, department of health, health and work environment; 2006.

Jonaydi J, Sadeghi F. Static anthropometric dimensions of workers 60-20 years old workers from six Iranian races. Health Manag 2008; 11(32): 12-14. (Persian)

Barli Ö, Sari RM, Elmali D, Aydintan E. Anthropometric Evaluation of the Crèches Children Furniture in Turkey. Coll Antropol 2006; 30(4): 853-865.

Choobineh AR. Human agent engineering in industry. Chehr Publishing Co., Shiraz, Iran, 2001.(Persian)

Abdoli-Eramaki M. Body mechanics and workstation design principles (ergonomics). Omid Majd Publishing Co.,Tehran, Iran, 2000. (Persian)

Habibi E, Sadeghi N, Mansouri F, Sadeghi M Ranjbar M. Comparison of Iranian student's anthropometric information and American and English standards. Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences 2012; 10(2): 22-30.

Sadeghi M, Tajik L, Karimi S. Study of educational furniture conformity with students’ anthropometric dimensions of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences 2009; 11(4): 75-80. (Persian)

Varmazyar S, Ghalenoei M, Amani Z. Settee and desk design based on high school female students' anthropometric dimensions in Ghazvin in 2007-2008. Journal of Ghom University of Medical Sciences 2008; 2(3): 39-45. (Persian)

Prado-Lu JL. Anthropometric measurement of Filipino manufacturing workers. International J Industrial Ergo 2007; 37(6): 497-503.

Agrawal KN, Singh RKP, Satapathy KK. Anthropometric considerations for farm tools/machinery design for tribal workers of north eastern India. Agrc Eng Int: CIGR E journal 2010; 12(1): 143-150.

Jaros E, Determination of the workspace of wheelchair users. International J Industrial Ergo 1996; 7(2): 123-133.

Panero J. Human dimension and interior space: a source book of design reference standards. 1st ed, Watson-Guptill Publication, New York, USA, 1980.

Mirmohammadi SJ, Mehrparvar AH, Jafari S, Mostaghaci M. An assessment of the anthropometric data of Iranian university students. Int J Occup Hyg 2011; 3(2): 85-89.

Haslegrave C. Anthropometric profile of British car driver. Journal of Ergonomics 1980; 2(5): 437-467.

Hertzberg HTE. The conference on standardization of anthropometric techniques and terminology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1968; 28(1): 1-16.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.