Application of Tripod-Beta Approach and Map – Overlaying Technique to Analyze Occupational Fatal Accidents in a Chemical Industry in Iran
The undesirable effects and consequences of occupational fatal accidents have placed a great emphasis on applying preventive measures. This study was aimed to analyze and specify the latent causes of occupational fatal accidents in Exir Chemical Plant, Urmia - Iran in 2008-2009. The analytical Tripod-BETA method was used. A geographic Information System (GIS) was then used to determine a list of the most significant preconditions and active failures contributing to occupational fatal accidents. The total number of recognized preconditions and latent failures were 572 and 852 respectively. The most frequent preconditions and latent failures were determined by overlaying the coded sheets on each other. Results of the study showed that Promoting and enhancement of the company's safety culture, a carrot and stick motivation policy accompanied by comprehensive assessments to prioritize safety training programs, were among recommended preventive actions to control and reduce fatal accidents.
Brauchler R, Landau K. Task analysis: Part I—guidelines for the practitioner. Int J Ind Ergon 1998; 22(1–2): 3–11.
Kim JW, Jung WD. Taxonomy of performance influencing factors for human reliability analysis of emergency tasks. J Loss Prev Process Indust 2003; 16(6): 479–495.
Dyer C, The Cullen rail report-lessons for everyone. Health Saf bul 2001; 303(4): 11-17.
Hollywell PD, Incorporating human dependent failures in risk assessments improves estimates of actual risk. Safety Science 1996; 22(1–3): 177–194.
Somavia J. Facts on Safety at Work. 2005; available from: www.ilocarib.org/contendino/pdf.
Feyer A, Williamson A. Occupational injury: Risk prevention and intervention. 1st ed, Taylor and Francis, London, England, 1988.
Depasquale JP, Geller ES. Critical success factors for behavior-based safety: a study of twenty industry-wide applications. J Saf Res 1999; 30(4): 237-249.
Hollnagel E. Accident analysis and barrier functions. 1st ed, Elsevier Science., Oxford, UK, 1999.
Johnson CW. Failure in Safety Critical Systems—A Handbook of Incident and Accident Reporting. Glasgow University Press, UK, 2003.
Kirwan B. A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment. Taylor & Francis Press, Boca Raton 1994.
Peterson D. Human Error Reduction and Safety Management. 3rd ed, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, USA, 1996.
El Harbawi M, Mustapha S, Choong TSY, Abdul Rashid S, Kadir SASA, Abdul Rashid Z. Rapid analysis of risk assessment using developed simulation of chemical industrial accidents software package. IJEST 2008; 5(1): 53-64.
Cameron I, Duff R. Construction total safety management: a theoretical framework. J Inst Occup Saf Health 2000; 4 (2): 37-51.
Cox SJ, Cheyne AJT, Assessing safety culture in offshore environments. Safety Science 2000; 34(1-3): 111-129.
Cooper MD. Towards a model of safety culture. Safety Science 2000; 36(3):111-136.
Fennell D. Investigation into king’s cross underground fire. Department of transport. HMSO, London, England, 1988.
Cullen WD. The public inquiry into the Piper Alpha Disaster. Department of Energy. HMSO, London, England, 1990.
Cullen, WD. The Ladbroke Grove rail inquiry Part 2 Report. HSE Books, London, England, 2001.
Pidgeon N. Safety culture: key theoretical issues. Work & Stress 1998; 12(3): 202-216.
Van Vuuren W. Cultural influences on risks and risk management: six case studies. Safety Science 2000; 34 (2): 31-45.
Glendon AI, Stanton NA. Perspectives on safety culture. Safety Science 2000; 34(3): 193-214
Griffin MA, Neal A. Perceptions of safety at work: A framework for linking safety climate to safety performance, knowledge and motivation. JOHP 2000; 5(3): 347-358.
Hale AR. Culture’s confusions. Safety Science 2000; 34(1-3): 1- 14.
Mearns J, Whitaker SM, Flin R. Benchmarking safety climate in hazardous environments: A longitudinal, inter organizational approach. Risk analysis 2001; 21(4): 771-786.
Cox S, Tomas JM, Cheyne A, Oliver A, Safety culture: the prediction of commitment to safety in the manufacturing industry. Br J Manag 1998; 9(1): 3-11.
|Issue||Vol 2 No 1 (2010)|
|Accident Chemical Industry GIS Tripod – BETA|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|