Contribution of Driving Anger and Aggression in the Prediction of Driving Behavior
Traffic violations and aggression are often regarded as social issues with important social and economic consequences. The present study investigated the potential contribution of demographic variables, driving anger, and aggression on the prediction of aggressive driving behaviors. The sample population consisted of 168 male drivers with an age range of 19–30 years old and the average driving experience of 9 years. All participants filled out the self-reported scales that assess driving anger, aggression dimension, and driving behaviors. Based on the participants' responses to the trait-anger dimensions in Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, they were re-categorized in three driving anger categories of high-trait-anger, medium-trait-anger, and low-trait-anger. All of the participants had a driving certificate. The results of this research indicate that: (1) for almost all variables, the effect of anger was significant, (2) anger situation had a contribution in the prediction of lapse, errors, and violations, (3) demographic variables, driving anger, and aggression were all involved in a complementary manner in predicting the driving behavior, and (4) aggression was the best predictor of the violations. Future research is recommended to continue to investigate the effect of various environmental, social, psychological, and personality factors on risky driving behaviors in order to identify appropriate treatment and prevention strategies for this societal concern.
Elvik R. How much do road accidents cost the national economy? Accident Analysis & Prevention 2000. 32(6): p. 849-851.
Alkaabi AMS, Dissanayake D, Bird R. Analyzing clearance time of urban traffic accidents in Abu Dhabi, UnitedArab Emirates, with hazard-based duration modeling method. Transp Res Rec 2011;2229:46-56.
Moradi S. and A. Khademi, Survey of victims of car accidents year 1387. J Forensic Med (Persian), 2009. 15: p. 21-28.
WHO, The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. 2002: World Health Organization.
Brauer R.L. Safety and health for engineers. 2016: John Wiley & Sons.
Jamalizadeh Z, Safari Variani A, Asivandzadeh E, Ahmadi S. The Association Between Road Traffic Noise Exposure And Annoyance. Journal of Air Pollution and Health 2018; 3(1): 17- 24.
Zargar M, et al. Epidemiology study of facial injuries during a 13 month of trauma registry in Tehran. INJMAO 2004. 58(3): p. 109.
Montazeri A. Road-traffic-related mortality in Iran: a descriptive study. Public health 2004. 118(2): p. 110-113.
Soori H, Naghavi M. Childhood deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of Iran. Injury prevention 1998. 4(3): p. 222-224.
Lajunen T, Parker D. Summala H. The Manchester driver behaviour questionnaire: a cross-cultural study. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2004. 36(2): p. 231-238.
Mizell L, Joint M, Connell D. Aggressive driving: Three studies. AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 1997: p. 1-13.
Baron RA. Workplace aggression and violence. 2004: Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA.
Parker D, Lajunen T, Stradling S. Attitudinal predictors of interpersonally aggressive violations on the road. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 1998. 1(1): p. 11-24.
Underwood G, et al. Anger while driving. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 1999. 2(1): p. 55-68.
Berkowitz L. Aggression: Its causes, consequences, and control. 1993: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company.
Spielberger CD, et al. Assessment of anger: The state-trait anger scale. Advances in personality assessment 1988. 2: p. 159-187.
Asivandzadeh E, Farshad AA, Alimohammadi I, Abolghasemi J, Jamalizadeh Z. The relation of aggression with the average of speed and lane deviation in taxi drivers of Tehran. Iran Occupational Health 2018; 15(4):1-7.
Deffenbacher JL. Trait anger: Theory, findings, and implications. Advances in personality assessment 1992. 9: p. 177-201.
Joint M. Road Rage: the Automobile Association Group Public Policy Road Safety Unit Report. 1995, Basingstoke, UK: A A.
Parkinson B. Anger on and off the road. British journal of Psychology 2001. 92(3): p. 507-526.
Fong G, Frost D. Stansfeld S. Road rage: a psychiatric phenomenon? Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2001. 36(6): p. 277-286.
Jamalizadeh Z, Safari Variani A, Ahmadi S, Asivandzadeh E. Association of Road Traffic Noise Exposure and Driving Behaviors. Journal of Human, Environment and Health Promotion 2018; 4(3): 111- 115.
Parker D. Lajunen T, Summala H. Anger and aggression among drivers in three European countries. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2002. 34(2): p. 229-235.
Elander J, West R. French D. Behavioral correlates of individual differences in road-traffic crash risk: An examination of methods and findings. Psychol. Bull 1993. 113(2): p. 279.
Mousa OY, et al. The MD blues: under-recognized depression and anxiety in medical trainees. PloS one 2016. 11(6): p. e0156554.
Spielberger CD, et al. Measuring anxiety and anger with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). 1999.
Deffenbacher JL, Oetting ER, Lynch RS. Development of a driving anger scale. Psychological reports 1994. 74(1): p. 83-91.
Deffenbacher JL, et al. Characteristics and treatment of high-anger drivers. J. Couns. Psychol 2000. 47(1): p. 5.
Spielberger CD, Staxi-2: state-trait anger expression inventory-2; professional manual. 1999: PAR.
Gras ME, et al. Spanish drivers and their aberrant driving behaviours. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 2006. 9(2): p. 129-137.
Reason J, et al. Errors and violations on the roads: a real distinction? Ergonomics 1990. 33(10-11): p. 1315-1332.
Oraizi H, Haghaigh S. Manchester driving behavior questionnaire psychometric properties. J Paiesh 2009. 9: p. 21-8.
Cohen J, et al. Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2013: Routledge.
Deffenbacher JL, et al. Anger, aggression, risky behavior, and crash-related outcomes in three groups of drivers. Behaviour research and therapy 2003. 41(3): p. 333-349.
Berdoulat E, Vavassori D, Sastre MTM. Driving anger, emotional and instrumental aggressiveness, and impulsiveness in the prediction of aggressive and transgressive driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2013. 50: p. 758-767.
Nesbit SM, Conger JC. Predicting aggressive driving behavior from anger and negative cognitions. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, 2012. 15(6): p. 710-718.
Dahlen ER, et al. Driving anger, sensation seeking, impulsiveness, and boredom proneness in the prediction of unsafe driving. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2005. 37(2): p. 341-348.
Nesbit SM, Conger JC, Conger AJ. A quantitative review of the relationship between anger and aggressive driving. Aggression and Violent Behavior 2007. 12(2): p. 156-176.
Burns PC. Wilde GJ. Risk taking in male taxi drivers: Relationships among personality, observational data and driver records. Personal. Individ. Differ 1995. 18(2): p. 267-278.
Iversen H, Rundmo T. Personality, risky driving and accident involvement among Norwegian drivers. Personal. Individ. Differ 2002. 33(8): p. 1251-1263.
Jonah BA. Sensation seeking and risky driving: a review and synthesis of the literature. Accident Analysis & Prevention 1997. 29(5): p. 651-665.
Vavrik J, Brief Report: Personality and risk-taking: a brief report on adolescent male drivers. Journal of adolescence 1997. 20(4): p. 461-465.
Zuckerman M, Kuhlman DM. Personality and risk‐taking: common bisocial factors. Journal of personality 2000. 68(6): p. 999-1029.
Wells-Parker E, et al. An exploratory study of the relationship between road rage and crash experience in a representative sample of US drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention 2002. 34(3): p. 271-278.
Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Occupational Hygiene
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.