How are Organizations Complying with Health and Safety Regulations? A Content Analysis of Committee for Technical Protection and Health at Work Minutes

  • Abolfazl Ghahremani Mail Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • Elyas Taghizadeh School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
  • Iraj Mohebbi Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Occupational Medicine Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Keywords:
Qualitative Study, Document Analysis, Content Analysis, Safety, Enforcement

Abstract

The main aim of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) regulations is providing safe conditions at workplaces. A literature review was indicated that no study has been reported on the implementation and enforcement of the regulation of committee for technical protection and health at work (CTPHW) in Iran. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess how workplaces fulfill the requirements of the CTPHW regulation and prioritization of OHS issues in CTPHW’ decisions using content analysis of CTPHW’ minutes. In this study, 817 minutes for duration of 2011-2016 were assessed in Iran. The content analysis was used to assess the available documents. The findings of this study indicated that the committees gave more priority to safety issues than others. Administrative control measures were suggested as more prevalent safety measures than engineering measures and personal proactive equipment (PPEs). The qualitative analysis of the data indicated that the minutes of the companies differed in terms of the quality of the writing, assessed OHS problems, and the decisions taken about OHS. The majority of the companies did not fulfill the requirements of the CTPHW regulation in an appropriate manner. This study was concluded that the OHS authorities may help to fulfill the requirements of the CTPHW’ regulation and promote OHS status in the companies by training and encouragement.

References

1 IRIC. Islamic Republic of Iran Cabinet: Labor Law: 20 November 1990, (Persian).
2 BSI. OHSAS 18001: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems; Requirements, British standard institute. 2007.
3 Morse T, Bracker A, Warren N, Goyzueta J, Cook M. Characteristics of effective health and safety committees: survey results. American journal of industrial medicine. 2013;56(2):163-79.
4 Giuffrida A, Iunes RF, Savedoff WD. Occupational risks in Latin America and the Caribbean: economic and health dimensions. Health Policy and Planning. 2002;17(3):235-46.
5 Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, Fingerhut M. Advancing worker health and safety in the developing world. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine. 2005;47(2):132-6.
6 The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Labor inspection office, Committee for Technical Protection and Health at Work, Retrieved 30 September, 2017. file:///C:/Users/dr_gahremani/Downloads/1573.pdf
7 Johnstone R, Quinlan M, Walters D. Statutory occupational health and safety workplace arrangements for the modern labour market. The journal of industrial relations. 2005;47(1):93-116.
8 Geldart S, Smith CA, Shannon HS, Lohfeld L. Organizational practices and workplace health and safety: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies. Safety Science. 2010;48(5):562-9.
9 Hernandez PM, Quizon RR, Lacsamana GC, Remaneses JI. Occupational Health Systems across Selected Public Healthcare Facilities in the Philippines. Acta medica Philippina. 2014; 1(48):43-51.
10 Liu H, Burns RM, Schaefer AG, Ruder T, Nelson C, Haviland AM, Gray WB, Mendeloff J. The Pennsylvania certified safety committee program: an evaluation of participation and effects on work injury rates. American journal of industrial medicine. 2010;53(8):780-91.
11 Bowen GA. Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative research journal. 2009; 9 (2):27-40.


12 Stemler S. An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation. 2001; 7(17), 137-146.
13 Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative health research. 2005;15(9):1277-88.
14 Downe‐Wamboldt B. Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health care for women international. 1992;13(3):313-21.
15 Kondracki NL, Wellman NS, Amundson DR. Content analysis: review of methods and their applications in nutrition education. Journal of nutrition education and behaviour. 2002;34(4):224-30.
16 Enshassi A, Choudhry RM, Mayer PE, Shoman Y. Safety performance of subcontractors in the Palestinian construction industry. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. 2008: 13(1), 51-62.
17 King RW, Hudson R. Construction hazard and health and safety handbook: health and safety. Butterworths, London, England. 1985: 30-42, 417-466.
18 Koehn E, Kothari RK, Pan CS. Health and safety in developing countries: professional and bureaucratic problems. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 1995: 121 (3), 261-265.
19 Ghahramani A. Diagnosis of poor safety culture as a major shortcoming in OHSAS 18001-certified companies. Industrial health. 2017;55(2):138-48.
20 Arastoo H, Hakimovich AP, Esfandiarpour S. Assessment of barriers to establish OSH: a country report. Industrial health. 2015; 53(4):378-84.
21 Morse T, Bracker A, Warren N, Goyzueta J, Cook M. Characteristics of effective health and safety committees: survey results. American journal of industrial medicine. 2013; 56(2):163-79.
22 Vinodkumar MN, Bhasi M. Safety management practices and safety behaviour: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2010; 42(6):2082-93.
23 Ghahramani A. Factors that influence the maintenance and improvement of OHSAS 18001 in adopting companies: A qualitative study. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016; 137: 283-90.
24 LaMontagne AD, Barbeau E, Youngstrom RA, Lewiton M, Stoddard AM, McLellan D, Wallace LM, Sorensen G. Assessing and intervening on OSH programmes: effectiveness evaluation of the Wellworks-2 intervention in 15 manufacturing worksites. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2004; 61(8):651-60.
25 Lai DN, Liu M, Ling FY. A comparative study on adopting human resource practices for safety management on construction projects in the United States and Singapore. International Journal of Project Management. 2011; 29(8):1018-32.
26 Hofmann DA, Jacobs R, Landy F. High reliability process industries: Individual, micro, and macro organizational influences on safety performance. Journal of Safety Research. 1995; 26(3):131-49.
27 Cooper MD. Towards a model of safety culture. Safety science. 2000; 36(2):111-36.
28 DeJoy DM. Behavior change versus culture change: Divergent approaches to managing workplace safety. Safety Science. 2005; 43(2):105-29.
29 Hasle P, Kines P, Andersen LP. Small enterprise owners’ accident causation attribution and prevention. Safety Science. 2009; 47(1):9-19.
30 Nasiri E. Profiting from Small Workshop Industries and Its Effect over Urban Development (Persian), Urban-Regional studies and research. 2009; (1), 129-142.
31 Wei L, Shi-da W. Occupational health management and service for small-scale industries in Shanghai. Toxicology. 2004; 198(1): 55-61.
32 Ozmec MN, Karlsen IL, Kines P, Andersen LP, Nielsen KJ. Negotiating safety practice in small construction companies. Safety Science. 2015; 71: 275-81.





























1 IRIC. Islamic Republic of Iran Cabinet: Labor Law: 20 November 1990, (Persian).
2 BSI. OHSAS 18001: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems; Requirements, British standard institute. 2007.
3 Morse T, Bracker A, Warren N, Goyzueta J, Cook M. Characteristics of effective health and safety committees: survey results. American journal of industrial medicine. 2013;56(2):163-79.
4 Giuffrida A, Iunes RF, Savedoff WD. Occupational risks in Latin America and the Caribbean: economic and health dimensions. Health Policy and Planning. 2002;17(3):235-46.
5 Rosenstock L, Cullen MR, Fingerhut M. Advancing worker health and safety in the developing world. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine. 2005;47(2):132-6.
6 The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Labor inspection office, Committee for Technical Protection and Health at Work, Retrieved 30 September, 2017. file:///C:/Users/dr_gahremani/Downloads/1573.pdf
7 Johnstone R, Quinlan M, Walters D. Statutory occupational health and safety workplace arrangements for the modern labour market. The journal of industrial relations. 2005;47(1):93-116.
8 Geldart S, Smith CA, Shannon HS, Lohfeld L. Organizational practices and workplace health and safety: A cross-sectional study in manufacturing companies. Safety Science. 2010;48(5):562-9.
9 Hernandez PM, Quizon RR, Lacsamana GC, Remaneses JI. Occupational Health Systems across Selected Public Healthcare Facilities in the Philippines. Acta medica Philippina. 2014; 1(48):43-51.
10 Liu H, Burns RM, Schaefer AG, Ruder T, Nelson C, Haviland AM, Gray WB, Mendeloff J. The Pennsylvania certified safety committee program: an evaluation of participation and effects on work injury rates. American journal of industrial medicine. 2010;53(8):780-91.
11 Bowen GA. Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative research journal. 2009; 9 (2):27-40.


12 Stemler S. An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation. 2001; 7(17), 137-146.
13 Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative health research. 2005;15(9):1277-88.
14 Downe‐Wamboldt B. Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health care for women international. 1992;13(3):313-21.
15 Kondracki NL, Wellman NS, Amundson DR. Content analysis: review of methods and their applications in nutrition education. Journal of nutrition education and behaviour. 2002;34(4):224-30.
16 Enshassi A, Choudhry RM, Mayer PE, Shoman Y. Safety performance of subcontractors in the Palestinian construction industry. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. 2008: 13(1), 51-62.
17 King RW, Hudson R. Construction hazard and health and safety handbook: health and safety. Butterworths, London, England. 1985: 30-42, 417-466.
18 Koehn E, Kothari RK, Pan CS. Health and safety in developing countries: professional and bureaucratic problems. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 1995: 121 (3), 261-265.
19 Ghahramani A. Diagnosis of poor safety culture as a major shortcoming in OHSAS 18001-certified companies. Industrial health. 2017;55(2):138-48.
20 Arastoo H, Hakimovich AP, Esfandiarpour S. Assessment of barriers to establish OSH: a country report. Industrial health. 2015; 53(4):378-84.
21 Morse T, Bracker A, Warren N, Goyzueta J, Cook M. Characteristics of effective health and safety committees: survey results. American journal of industrial medicine. 2013; 56(2):163-79.
22 Vinodkumar MN, Bhasi M. Safety management practices and safety behaviour: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2010; 42(6):2082-93.
23 Ghahramani A. Factors that influence the maintenance and improvement of OHSAS 18001 in adopting companies: A qualitative study. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016; 137: 283-90.
24 LaMontagne AD, Barbeau E, Youngstrom RA, Lewiton M, Stoddard AM, McLellan D, Wallace LM, Sorensen G. Assessing and intervening on OSH programmes: effectiveness evaluation of the Wellworks-2 intervention in 15 manufacturing worksites. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2004; 61(8):651-60.
25 Lai DN, Liu M, Ling FY. A comparative study on adopting human resource practices for safety management on construction projects in the United States and Singapore. International Journal of Project Management. 2011; 29(8):1018-32.
26 Hofmann DA, Jacobs R, Landy F. High reliability process industries: Individual, micro, and macro organizational influences on safety performance. Journal of Safety Research. 1995; 26(3):131-49.
27 Cooper MD. Towards a model of safety culture. Safety science. 2000; 36(2):111-36.
28 DeJoy DM. Behavior change versus culture change: Divergent approaches to managing workplace safety. Safety Science. 2005; 43(2):105-29.
29 Hasle P, Kines P, Andersen LP. Small enterprise owners’ accident causation attribution and prevention. Safety Science. 2009; 47(1):9-19.
30 Nasiri E. Profiting from Small Workshop Industries and Its Effect over Urban Development (Persian), Urban-Regional studies and research. 2009; (1), 129-142.
31 Wei L, Shi-da W. Occupational health management and service for small-scale industries in Shanghai. Toxicology. 2004; 198(1): 55-61.
32 Ozmec MN, Karlsen IL, Kines P, Andersen LP, Nielsen KJ. Negotiating safety practice in small construction companies. Safety Science. 2015; 71: 275-81.
Published
2019-10-10
How to Cite
1.
Ghahremani A, Taghizadeh E, Mohebbi I. How are Organizations Complying with Health and Safety Regulations? A Content Analysis of Committee for Technical Protection and Health at Work Minutes. Int J Occup Hyg. 11(3):179-186.
Section
Original Article(s)