Evaluation of occupational stress and associated burnout Based on Demand–Control Model among EMS personnel in Ilam
relationship Job stress and Job exhaustion
Background: Occupational stress with the physical, chemical, biological, and ergonomic hazards is among the five main risks in the workplace. One of the most common techniques used for assessing Occupational stress is demand-control model developed by Karasek. This study aimed to determine of occupational stress and associated burnout Based on Demand–Control Model among EMS personnel in Ilam.
This cross-sectional study was carried out on 72 of Ilam emergency medical services center in 2016. Occupational stress was assessed by The Persian version of Job Content Questionnaire (P-JCQ) and Occupational burnout was assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment levels. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression were applied for data analysis by SPSS software.
Results: Mean and standard deviation score for decision-making freedom, psychological demands, social support, physical demands and job insecurity dimensions were (70.87±7.99), (35.18±4.84), (23.64±6.33), (16.30±2.86), (9.1± (4.65), respectively. About 27.3% of personnel reported their job active, 30.3% passive, 22.7% high strain, and 19.7% low strain. Comparison of the relationship between occupational stress and associated burnout showed a significant relationship between the decision-making freedom dimension and depersonalization level (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on the results, it should that most of the personnel reported low psychological demands and low control. In such situation, the probability of mental disorders is increased.
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