A Review of Studies in the Field of Evaluation of Industrial Safety Culture & Safety Climate in Iran
Various studies have shown that unsafe behaviors usually occur in a work environment due to inadequate safety management and safety culture which are the main causes of most workplace accidents. Therefore, this study was aimed to briefly review studies that examined the safety culture and safety climate in Iranian industries. This review study was focused on systematically searching articles from 2009 to 2019 in databases, Google Scholar, SID, agiran, Science Direct, and PubMed using keywords including safety culture, safety climate, workers, industries, and Iran. The titles and abstracts of articles containing relevant results were extracted over the past 10 years. Then, they were categorized and analyzed according to the title of articles, years of publication, place of publications, type of industries, place of researches, field of studies, methods of evaluation and analysis. The results of various studies and selected articles regarding examining the safety culture and safety climate of industries in Iran showed that the establishment of positive safety culture and safety climate by providing high-quality safety training and implementing appropriate engineering and managerial interventions can boost workers’ awareness about existing hazards in the work environment, thereby motivating them to prevent unsafe actions. The state of the culture and safety climate in Iran's industries although cannot be generalized but a positive culture and climate safety can be established in organizations by identifying and evaluating effective components such as senior management’s commitment to train workers about hazards in the workplace, avoid unsafe practices and ultimately reduce human errors and accidents.
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