Original Article

Evaluating Ports Environmental Performance based on the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP)

Abstract

Appropriate environmental performance is considered one of the most important indicators in the sustainable development of organizations and industries. Evaluating the environmental performance in ports as one of the two main parts of the maritime transport system is of particular importance. Therefore, the current study was designed and conducted to develop a method for evaluating the environmental performance of ports based on the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP). In the present study, 22 experts in the field of environment and marine sciences were selected in 2020. Firstly, various studies on the factors affecting the environmental performance of ports were reviewed. Secondly, a questionnaire was designed to assess ports’ environmental performance. Thirdly, this questionnaire was developed using the Delphi technique. Finally, by determining the weight of each parameter, the method of environmental performance assessment in ports was developed based on the FAHP. The final normalized weights for six environmental performance factors including reactive and proactive performance, sustainability, socio-cultural, economic, and governance were estimated 0.202, 0.241, 0.226, 0.070, 0.080, and 0.182. Additionally, it was found that each of the parameters had a different weight and impact on these factors. The highest and lowest impact on the environmental performance index belonged to environmental risk assessment (weight=0.217), cultural effects, and justice (weight=0.107). In the current study, a new method was developed for evaluating the environmental performance of ports based on six factors, 32 parameters, and FAHP. Therefore, this method may provide an effective step in reducing environmental impacts and improving the level of environmental performance in ports to achieve the goal of green port.

1. Lam JSL, Cullinane KPB, Lee PT-W. The 21st-century Maritime Silk Road: challenges and opportunities for transport management and practice. Taylor & Francis; 2018.
2. Shi W, Li KX. Themes and tools of maritime transport research during 2000-2014. Maritime Policy & Management. 2017;44(2):151-69.
3. Woo J-K, Moon DS, Lam JSL. The impact of environmental policy on ports and the associated economic opportunities. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2018;110:234-42.
4. Yang Y-C. Operating strategies of CO2 reduction for a container terminal based on carbon footprint perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017;141:472-80.
5. Rao C, Yan B. Study on the interactive influence between economic growth and environmental pollution. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2020;27(31):39442-65.
6. TANHA F, RANGKOOY H, MARZBAN M, KAZEMI E, RASOOLYKALAMAKI F, DEBIEHKHOSRAVI A. An Approach to the Control Management of Gaseous Pollutants Emissions from Power Plants Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2015;7(1):27-31.
7. Li Y, Zhou S, Jia Z, Ge L, Mei L, Sui X, Wang X, Li B, Wang J, Wu S. Influence of industrialization and environmental protection on environmental pollution: a case study of Taihu Lake, China. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2018;15(12):2628.
8. Lee PT-W, Kwon OK, Ruan X. Sustainability challenges in maritime transport and logistics industry and its way ahead. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute; 2019.
9. Venkatesh S, Sriraman V. A NOTIONAL RESEARCH ON IMPLEMENTING GREEN PORT STRATEGY AT THE NEW MANGALORE PORT TRUST. International Journal of Management. 2020;11(10).
10. Teerawattana R, Yang Y-C. Environmental performance indicators for green port policy evaluation: case study of Laem Chabang port. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. 2019;35(1):63-9.
11. Jägerbrand AK, Brutemark A, Sveden JB, Gren M. A review on the environmental impacts of shipping on aquatic and nearshore ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment. 2019;695:133637.
12. Shahbod N, MANSOURI N, BAYAT M, Nouri J, GHODDOUSI J. A fuzzy analytic hierarchy process approach to identify and prioritize environmental performance indicators in hospitals. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2017;9(2):66-77.
13. Poulsen RT, Ponte S, Sornn-Friese H. Environmental upgrading in global value chains: The potential and limitations of ports in the greening of maritime transport. Geoforum. 2018;89:83-95.
14. Asariotis R, Benamara H. Maritime transport and the climate change challenge: Routledge; 2012.
15. Monios J, Wilmsmeier G. Deep adaptation to climate change in the maritime transport sector–a new paradigm for maritime economics? Maritime Policy & Management. 2020:1-20.
16. Shi W, Xiao Y, Chen Z, McLaughlin H, Li KX. Evolution of green shipping research: themes and methods. Maritime Policy & Management. 2018;45(7):863-76.
17. Derakhshani E, Naghizadeh A, Shahabi H, Nazinejad M. Evaluation of Environmental and Respirable Dust in Air of Tile Industry in South Khorasan. Archives of Hygiene Sciences. 2014;3(3):85-90.
18. Flostrand A, Pitt L, Bridson S. The Delphi technique in forecasting–A 42-year bibliographic analysis (1975–2017). Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2020;150:119773.
19. MOHAMMADFAM I, MANSOURI N, NIKOOMARAM H, GHASEMI F. Comparison of commonly used accident analysis techniques for manufacturing industries. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2015;7(1):32-7.
20. VENKATA-SIVA-RAJA-PRASAD S, PRASADA-RAO Y, VENKATA-CHALAPATHI P. Prioritizing the Elements of OHSAS-18001 in Construction Segments in India–AHP Approach. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2013;5(4):159-65.
21. Hurley JS. Quantifying decision making in the critical infrastructure via the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Cyber Warfare and Terrorism: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications: IGI Global; 2020. p. 465-77.
22. Mohammadfam I, Aliabadi MM, Soltanian AR, Tabibzadeh M, Mahdinia M. Investigating interactions among vital variables affecting situation awareness based on Fuzzy DEMATEL method. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2019;74:102842.
23. Shamaii A, Omidvari M, Hosseinzadeh Lotfi F. Performance assessment of HSE management systems: A fuzzy approach in a Steel Manufacturing Company. IJOH. 2016;8(2):100-9.
24. Lyu H-M, Sun W-J, Shen S-L, Zhou A-N. Risk assessment using a new consulting process in fuzzy AHP. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2020;146(3):04019112.
25. Nikpishe Kohjhari F, Morovati M, Sadeghinia M, Amanat Yazdi L. Assessment and Management of Environmental Risks of Steel Industries by EFMEA Method (Case Study: Ardakan Steel and Melting factory). Journal of Environmental Health Enginering. 2020:76-88.
26. Wan C, Zhang D, Yan X, Yang Z. A novel model for the quantitative evaluation of green port development–A case study of major ports in China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2018;61:431-43.
27. Hua C, Chen J, Wan Z, Xu L, Bai Y, Zheng T, Fei Y. Evaluation and governance of green development practice of port: A sea port case of China. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2020;249:119434.
28. Xing X, Wang J, Tou L. The relationship between green organization identity and corporate environmental performance: The mediating role of sustainability exploration and exploitation innovation. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019;16(6):921.
29. Svaetichin I, Inkinen T. Port waste management in the Baltic Sea area: A four port study on the legal requirements, processes and collaboration. Sustainability. 2017;9(5):699.
30. Haque F, Ntim CG. Environmental policy, sustainable development, governance mechanisms and environmental performance. Business Strategy and the Environment. 2018;27(3):415-35.
31. Hou Y, Iqbal W, Muhammad Shaikh G, Iqbal N, Ahmad Solangi Y, Fatima A. Measuring energy efficiency and environmental performance: a case of South Asia. Processes. 2019;7(6):325.
32. SARKHEIL H, RAHBARI S. HSE Key Performance indicators in HSE-MS establishment and sustainability: a case of south pars gas complex, Iran. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene. 2016;8(1):45-53.
Files
IssueVol 13 No 2 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2021-06-30
Keywords
Environmental Performance Environmental Impacts Green Port Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Fuzzy Logic

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Ali Akbari A, Babaei Samiromi F, Arjmandi R, Shojaei M. Evaluating Ports Environmental Performance based on the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP). Int J Occup Hyg. 2021;13(2):150-164.