Original Article

Fuzzy Logic in HEART and CREAM Methods to Assess Human Error and Find an Optimum Method Using a Hierarchical Fuzzy System: A Case Study in a Steel Factory


Background: Numerous studies have been conducted to assess the role of human errors in accidents in different industries. Human reliability analysis (HRA) has drawn a great deal of attention among safety engineers and risk assessment analyzers. Despite technical advances and the development of processes, damaging and catastrophic accidents still happen in many industries.

Objectives: Human Error Assessment and Reduction Technique (HEART) and Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method (CREAM) methods were compared with the hierarchical fuzzy system in a steel industry to investigate the human error.

Methods: This study was carried out in a rolling unit of the steel industry, which has four control rooms, three shifts and a total of 46 technicians and operators. After observing the work process, reviewing the documents, and interviewing each of the operators, the worksheets of each research method were completed. CREAM and HEART methods were defined in the hierarchical fuzzy system and the necessary rules were created and analyzed.

Results: The findings of the study indicated that CREAM was more successful than HEART in showing a better capability to capture task interactions and dependencies as well as logical estimation of the HEP in the plant studied.

Conclusions: Given the nature of the tasks in the studied plant and interactions and dependencies among tasks, it seems that CREAM is a better method in comparison with the HEART method to identify errors and calculate the HEP.

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IssueVol 13 No 2 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
HEART method CREAM method steel factory

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How to Cite
Boroun R, Mosavianasl Z, Tahmasbi Birgani Y, Shirali GA. Fuzzy Logic in HEART and CREAM Methods to Assess Human Error and Find an Optimum Method Using a Hierarchical Fuzzy System: A Case Study in a Steel Factory. Int J Occup Hyg. 13(2):xxx-xxx.