Analysis of Safety Performance of Construction Projects in India Using Safety Audit Elements, AHP and Taguchi Loss Function – A Case Study
Construction safety performance is traditionally assessed based on workplace conditions and analyzing accident statistics, there is no provision to consider the safety management systems which affect site safety. One of the systems use to measure safety performance is occupational safety and health audit which identify failures within a system and the information gathered assist to determine the best course of corrective action. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted to develop a method for evaluating the safety performance of five highway project sites in India using the Analytic Hierarchy Process and Taguchi loss functions. In the first stage of the study, the Analytic Hierarchy Process was applied by obtaining the judgments of the expert team to determine the weights of the safety audit elements. In the second stage, the five project sites were analyzed and ranked by determining the total loss score using the Taguchi loss functions. Based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process analysis, the weights of the safety management (0.1949), hazard identification and risk assessment (0.1460), and safety education and training (0.1268) had the highest impact on the safety performance of the five project sites. The results of the Taguchi loss functions of the five project sites showed that the total loss score was the lowest and highest for project site 3 (77.89) and site 5 (81.54), respectively. In the current study, an integrated method was developed for evaluating the safety performance of five highway project sites. The weights of the nine safety audit elements were vital in determining the total loss score by using the Taguchi loss functions for ranking the five projects sites based on safety performance. Therefore, using this method can be an effective step in identifying the project site with better safety performance as a benchmarking unit for the other sites.
2. Adsul BB, Laad PP, Howal PV, Chaturvedi RM. Health Problems among Migrant Construction Workers: A Unique Public-Private Partnership Project. Indian Journal of Environment Medicine 2011; 1(15): 29-32.
3. Devendrakumar P, Jha KN. Safety Performance Assessment of a Construction Site Using Construction Safety Index: Evidence from Indian Construction Industry. Journal of Safety, Health and Environmental Research 2015; 11(1): 222-231.
4. Tam CM, Fung IWH. Effectiveness of Safety Management Strategies on Safety Performance in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics 1998; 16:49-55.
5. Vinodkumar MN, Bhasi M. Safety management practices and safety behavior: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation. Accident Analysis and Prevention 2010; 42: 2082–2093.
6. Chockaligam S, Sornakumar T. An Effective Total Construction Safety Management in India. Asian Journal Civil Engineering 2012; 13(3): 405-416.
7. Hital RM. Safety and Occupational Health: Challenges and Opportunities in Emerging Economies. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2008; 12(1): 3 -9.
8. IS 3786. Method for Computation of Frequency and Severity Rates for Industrial Injuries and Classification of Industrial Accidents 1983; 1-28. Available online: https://law.resource.org/pub/in/bis/S02/is.3786.1983.pdf. (Accessed on 15/01/2021)
9. Awolusi IG, Marks ED. Safety Activity Analysis Framework to Evaluate Safety Performance in Construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 2016; 143(3):1-12.
10. Grabowski M, Ayyalasomayajula P, Merrick J, Harrald JR, Roberts K. Leading indicators of safety in virtual organizations. Safety Science 2007; 45(10):1013–1043.
11. Fakhradin Ghasemi IM, Ali Reza Soltanian SM, Esmaeil Z. Surprising Incentive: An Instrument for Promoting Safety Performance of Construction Employees. Safety and Health at Work 2015; 6:227-232.
12. El- Mashaleh MS, Bashr M, Al-Smad KH, Shaher MR. Safety Management in the Jordanian Construction Industry. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering 2010; 4(1): 47-54.
13. Beriha GS, Patnaik B, Mahapatra SS. Safety Performance Evaluation of Indian Organizations Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Benchmarking: An International Journal 2011; 18(2): 197-220.
14. Ibukun GA, Eric DM, Alex MH. Framework for Monitoring and Measuring Construction Safety Performance. 55th ASC Annual International Conference Proceedings, 2019, 587-594. Available online: http://www.ascpro.ascweb.org. (Accessed on 13/01/2021)
15. Yusuf L, Rossy AM, Rosmariani A, Yoko Y. Understanding the Relationship Between Safety Culture Dimensions and Safety Performance of Construction Projects through Partial Least Square Method. Engineering International Conference (EIC) 2016 AIP Conference Proceedings, Published by AIP Publishing.
16. Tan Chin K, Nadeera AR. Case Studies on the Safety Management at Construction Site. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management. 2014; 9(2):90-108.
17. Hinge J, Raymond G. An Evaluation of Safety Performance Measures for Construction Projects, Journal of Construction Research. 2003; 4(1): 5-15.
18. Milan J, Reggiani A. An Application of the Multiple-Criteria Decision-Making Analysis to the Selection of a New Hub Airport, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research. 2002; 2:113-142.
19. Festervand TA, Kethley RB, Waller BD. The marketing of industrial real estate: application of Taguchi loss functions. Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. 2001, 10(4): 219–228.
20. Liao CN, Kao HP. Supplier selection model using Taguchi loss function, analytical hierarchy process, and multi-choice goal programming. Computers & Industrial Engineering 2010; 58(4): 571–577.
21. Hacer GG, Ahmet AŞ. MACBETH Based Taguchi Loss Functions Approach for Green Supplier Selection: A Case Study in Textile Industry. Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon. 2018; 28(2): 90-97.
22. IS 14489. Code of practice on OSH audit. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1998; 1-22. Available online: https://law.resource.org/pub/in/bis/S02/is.14489.1998.pdf . (Accessed on 19/01/2021)
23. Ng K, Laurlund A, Howell G, Lancos G. Lean safety: Using leading indicators of safety incidents to improve construction safety. In Proceedings Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction IGLC 20, San Diego. 2012, 1-11.
24. Nielsen KJ, Rasmussen K, Glasscock D, Spangenberg S. Changes in safety climate and accidents at two identical manufacturing plants. Safety Science 2008; 46: 440–449.
25. Rajnish K, Sidhartha SP, Ashutosh S. Supplier selection of an Indian heavy locomotive manufacturer: An integrated approach using Taguchi loss function, TOPSIS, and AHP. IIMB Management Review 2019; 31:78-90.
26. Amir RV, Naser FF, Soleyman I. Risk assessment of marine construction projects using Taguchi Loss Function. International Journal of Coastal and Offshore Engineering 2019; 3(3): 33-42.
|Issue||Vol 13 No 3 (2021)|
|Safety Audit Weights Performance Specification Limit Total Loss Score Ranking|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|