Original Article

Investigating the Impact of Cell-Phone on Fatigue: A Case Study of Iranian Medical Students

Abstract

Despite all the positive effects of cell phones on communication, the improper use of these devices may lead to fatigue and many other problems, including academic, physical, and social problems. Among different age groups, students are the most affected due to the importance of cell phones in their educational and communications needs. In this study, we seek to investigate the relationship between improper use of cell phones and fatigue in Iranian medical students. In the present descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study, 400 students were randomly selected from the Iran University of Medical Sciences by cluster sampling. Data collection tools included demographic information questionnaires, harmful cell phone use (COS), and fatigue (Smets). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22 based on the frequency tests, mean, standard deviation, and ANOVA with a significance level of 0.05. The mean age of students was 24.1±5.65. The total population of the study was 56% female and 44%, male. The results revealed that the prevalence of fatigue among students was moderate (56.60%). The status of harmful cell phone use was reported to be moderate (90%). There was a significant relationship between mobile phone use and total fatigue (p=0.029), decreased motivation (p=0.025), and mental fatigue (p = 0.001). Results showed that excessive use of cell phones had an adverse impact on total fatigue, mental fatigue, and motivation. Therefore, it is recommended to design effective interventions to prevent harmful use of cell-phone, student fatigue, and other consequences, including academic failure and reduction of mental health.

1. Ishii K. Examining the adverse effects of mobile phone use among Japanese adolescents. Keio Communication Review. 2011;33(33):69-83.
2. Kuznekoff JH, Munz S, Titsworth S. Mobile phones in the classroom: Examining the effects of texting, Twitter, and message content on student learning. Communication Education. 2015;64(3):344-65.
3. GOLMOHAMMADIAN M, Yyaseminejad P. Normalization, validity and reliability of Cell-phone Over-use Scale (COS) among university students. 2011. Please indicate journal's name and pages you used for citation.
4. Bianchi A, Phillips JG. Psychological predictors of problem mobile phone use. CyberPsychology & Behavior. 2005;8(1):39-51.
5. Chakraborty S. Mobile phone usage patterns amongst university students: A comparative study between India and USA. 2006. Please indicate journal's name and pages you used for citation.
6. Kim K-H, Kabir E, Jahan SA. The use of cell phone and insight into its potential human health impacts. Environmental monitoring and assessment. 2016;188(4):221.
7. Johansson A, Nordin S, Heiden M, Sandström M. Symptoms, personality traits, and stress in people with mobile phone-related symptoms and electromagnetic hypersensitivity. Journal of psychosomatic research. 2010;68(1):37-45.
8. Goswami V, Singh DR. Impact of mobile phone addiction on adolescent’s life: A literature review. International journal of home science. 2016;2(1):69-74.
9. Smets E, Garssen B, Bonke Bd, De Haes J. The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) psychometric qualities of an instrument to assess fatigue. Journal of psychosomatic research. 1995;39(3):315-25.
10. Niu S-F, Chung M-H, Chen C-H, Hegney D, O'Brien A, Chou K-R. The effect of shift rotation on employee cortisol profile, sleep quality, fatigue, and attention level: a systematic review. Journal of Nursing Research. 2011;19(1):68-81.
11. Lorist MM, Bezdan E, ten Caat M, Span MM, Roerdink JB, Maurits NM. The influence of mental fatigue and motivation on neural network


dynamics; an EEG coherence study. Brain research. 2009;1270:95-106.
12. Jenaro C, Flores N, Gómez-Vela M, González-Gil F, Caballo C. Problematic internet and cell-phone use: Psychological, behavioral, and health correlates. Addiction research & theory. 2007;15(3):309-20.
13. Najafi Mehri S, Pashandi S, Mahmoodi H, Ebadi A, Ghanei M. Assessment of fatigue and spirometery parameters in chemical war victims with respiratory disease. Iranian Journal of War and Public Health. 2010;2(4):29-35.
14. Guo F, Liu L, Li M, Greene RL. The effect of arm support and control modes on muscle fatigue, eye fatigue, and posture changes in mobile game use among young adults. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries. 2021. Please indicate journal's name and pages you used for citation.
15. Sadoughi M. The relationship between problematic mobile usage and academic performance among students: the mediating role of sleep quality. Education Strategies in Medical Sciences. 2017;10(2):123-32.
16. Yaseminejad P, Golmohammadian M, Yoosefi N. The study of the relationship between cell-phone use and general heath in students. Knowl Res Appl Psychol. 2012;13(1):60-72.
17. YASEMINEJAD P, GOLMOHAMMADIAN M. Study the Relationship of Big Five Factors and Cell-Phone Over-Use in Students. 2011. Please indicate journal's name and pages you used for citation.
18. Hoseinai A, Farnoush F, Zare M, Bahonar A. Study of relationship between life style and communicational technologies abuse, and mental health among islamic azad university students of tehran city. Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity-Tehran Medical Branch. 2018;28(2):145-52.
19. ALIABADI K, FALAHI M, Komasi M. The Relationship between Excessive Use of Mobile Phone and the Academic Burnout and Experience of Distress of Students. 2018.Please indicate journal's name and pages you used for citation.
20. Yahyazadeh S, Fallahi-Khoshknab M, Norouzi K, Dalvandi A. The prevalence of smart phone addiction among students in medical sciences universities in Tehran 2016. Advances in Nursing and Midwifery. 2017;26(94):1-10.
21. Kee I-K, Byun J-S, Jung J-K, Choi J-K. The presence of altered craniocervical posture and mobility in smartphone-addicted teenagers with temporomandibular disorders. Journal of physical therapy science. 2016;28(2):339-46.
22. Iqbal Z. Gender differences in mobile phone use: What communication motives does it gratify. European Journal of Scientific Research. 2010;46(4):510-22.
23. Kheiroddin JB. Relationship between emotional intelligence and feeling of fatigue among university students, medicated by optimism, self-efficacy, anxiety, and depression. Journal of Psychology. 2010.Which page you used for citation?
24. Pourmovahed Z, Yassini Ardekani S, Kalani Z, Alaghband M. The Relationship between Fatigue and Depression in the students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd 2014. Community Health Journal. 2015;9(3):63-73.
25. Rella S, Winwood PC, Lushington K. When does nursing burnout begin? An investigation of the fatigue experience of Australian nursing students. Journal of Nursing Management. 2009;17(7):886-97.
26. Vazquez FL, Blanco V. Symptoms of depression and related factors among Spanish university students. Psychological reports. 2006;99(2):583-90.
27. Amaducci CdM, Mota DDFdC, Pimenta CAdM. Fatigue among nursing undergraduate students. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP. 2010;44:1052-8.
28. Kouhnavard B, Mahgoli H, Yazdan Aval M, Aghdam Shendi MR, Kolahdouzi M. The relationship between fatigue, stress and job performance with some demographic variables in dental prosthesis technicians. Journal of Dental Medicine. 2018;31(2):91-7.
29. Subba SH, Mandelia C, Pathak V, Reddy D, Goel A, Tayal A, et al.avoid using et al., and enter all authors name Ringxiety and the mobile phone usage pattern among the students of a medical college in South India. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2013;7(2):205.
30. Eyvazlou M, Zarei E, Rahimi A, Abazari M. Association between overuse of mobile phones on quality of sleep and general health among occupational health and safety students. Chronobiology international. 2016;33(3):293-300.
31. Atadokht A. The relationship of cell phone overuse with psychopathology of sleep habits and sleep disorders in university students. Nursing And Midwifery Journal. 2016;14(2):136-44.
Files
IssueVol 13 No 3 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
Published2021-09-30
Keywords
Mental Health Fatigue Students Traumatic

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Jafari Nodoushan R, Pirouzeh R, Anoosheh V, Taherzadeh S. Investigating the Impact of Cell-Phone on Fatigue: A Case Study of Iranian Medical Students. Int J Occup Hyg. 2021;13(3):232-241.