Original Article

Presenting a Risk Management Model for Mineral Hot Spas Based on the Qualitative Index: A Case Study in Ardabil City, Iran


Regarding significant number of the people affecting by factors, such as gas poisoning, microbial, and heat exhaustion in mineral hot spas, the present study was conducted aimed at providing a model for measuring and managing the risk of using hot mineral spas. In this research, a conceptual model of risk was prepared in four stages. Firstly, 16 qualitative parameters were extracted, their effect weight of which was obtained based on the amount of risk for users was determined by fuzzy analysis method. According to the amount and standard range allowed for each parameter, quantitative and qualitative risk categories were obtained in five ranges for each parameter based on the obtained weights and opinions of the health experts. Then, the final result regarding risk of using each spa was obtained by combining these parameters. For assessing risk of using hot mineral spas in Ardabil province by the method invented in this research, at first, water samples were collected from six spas in different parts of Ardabil province. Then, risk management of six spas was evaluated. According to the results, the Qotursuyi spa had a high level of risk, the spas of Shabil, Gavmishgoli, and Qinarjeh had a moderate level of risk. Under responsible risk management, natural hot springs present a renewable resource for sustainable tourism development on a long-term basis.

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SectionOriginal Article(s)
Balneotherapy Qualitative Index Risk Management Spa

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How to Cite
Mohammadhosseini Heyran T, Saadati H, Nasehi F, Saraji G. Presenting a Risk Management Model for Mineral Hot Spas Based on the Qualitative Index: A Case Study in Ardabil City, Iran. Int J Occup Hyg. 2022;14(1):36-50.